Art of Personal identity.

The following account is based on Derek Parfit theory of identity known as the teletransportation paradox. Parfit being the master of the art of personal identity par excellence.

  • Personal identity suggests the same person who begins the art work project is the same person who finished the artwork, therefore the author of the artwork .
  • Personal identity suggests travel over distance entails the sameness of identity at the beginning to end.
  • These accounts suggest a philosophical bias to the ego theory of what it is to be a person.

Ego theory verses Bundle theory

  • person persists as a mental thing- a soul, or spirit
  • a person is a material thing but has a supervening series of mental states or events- a person, social identity.

Art object as ego or bundle theory

  • art object as contingent on either a soul/spirit or a series of mental events
  • art object persists as a reflection of a soul so exists as a statement of soul
  • art object persists as a social event attributed to a persons life phase

Artist belief and unbelief

Suppose an artist entered a workshop sealed off from any outside interference as an artist pod. The artist then presses a button that sets off a quantum scanner that records all brain states and cellular structure attributed to the creative process. The belief is a new art project. Hopefully, an outcome will be an artwork to be exhibited at a central gallery. Your choice as an artist is to either believe in the ego theory or bundle theory. You begin to work on the block of marble.

Thought experiment

However, unbeknown to the artist a replica of that artist , the scan produces a replica. Replica begins at the same instant in another art pod at the opposite pole position on earth. The outcome of the resultant artworks is identical in all visible respects. Question being , can an artwork be ascribed to one and only one artist? (The account is a reworking of the teletransportation paradox thought experiment)

Comparing the ego theory to bundle theory as to teletransportation paradox.

  • ego theorist might say there are two bodies but one original ego/soul.
  • therefore one artwork attributed to one and only on ego/soul
  • bundle theorist might say, there are to identical sets of physical and mental process.
  • therefore there must be two artworks attributed to two sets of physical/mental process operating in distinct spacial categories.

Will the artwork be yours?

So on the first account the artwork must be yours. There would be no doubt of originality that even if the two works had been swapped by the gallery staff. However on the second account it becomes less clear. Arguably there are two distinct artworks that look the same but attributed to distinct persons with their reasons.


Estimated reading time: 2 minutes

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Tropical cat theory

A syncretic art media composition

The diptych core being fiberglass with the printed fabric of tropical cat, overlock stitched onto the centre. A surface application of tonal colour is built up with adhesives powder. The fiberglass has an application of resin and a steel frame attached through multiple nodes of wire. Various paints are applied, from oils, acrylic, and fabric paint to the robust resin paints added to fiberglass that forms the border over the built-up clay sections, which also surround the photographic prints of rainforest birds. Historical reference to earlier works inform this series.

A theory about endangered species, and its relation to art

Schrodinger’s cat theory qua tropical cat is set within the resin depiction as contingent. Its contingency is dependent on refraction and reflection. So from an observer perspective, each observer (bird) has a probability function of a cat encounter. Therefore each bird is both dead and alive. 

Philosophy of figurative abstraction.

This diptych has resemblances appearing as cats and birds either side.

Environmental interpretation

Endangered species and tropical cat.

The notion of native birds being endangered species threatened by feral cats also plays a part in this work. The cat is treading on a chain between the birds. The print photographic depictions are object photographic. These prints are covered in resin and form an obscure magnification of rainforest birds that inhabit Australia’s cassowary coastal region. 

Abstraction as a tropical cat probability

Abstraction with string emerging from the side eludes the popular notion of string theory in line with particle physics. The possibility of subatomic particles moving through the diptych riffs on Schrodinger’s cat theory. The colour abstraction a probability function of the diptych as an art coin to be flipped as cat/birds or abstract.

Voices – Pop art

Diptych, full viewDiptych, close upDiptych, intersecting resin built up regions (blue has text, POP)Diptych, Close up of two intersecting resin built up regions. Diptych, Close up of two intersecting resin built up regions and surrounding colour fieldDiptych, resin on pop corn container next to multi colour field. DiptychDiptychDiptychSide perspectiveDiptych, full view side B

The notion of POP ART has a plethora of connotations. A multidisciplanary approach involves philosophical social realism along with psycho/cultural linguistics. The art work VOICES POP ART explores various modes of interpretation based on the semantics of choice.

Contents on side A of POP ART

A classic pop corn container, photographed and printed on fabric, forms the first layer that has been sewn on the fibre glass core. It is a quinasential pop art depiction due to its connotation with fun food, entertainment, and popular culture. The container itself exuberates the modernization of culture in a box. The voices being that of the classic cinema of popular culture. This kind of ‘voice power’ has a notion of soft power as it creates an identifiable culture projected globally. There appears a machine like system underneath with a driver. This symbolic sense of modernization in a machine age that produces consumables such as pop corn.

Historical and theoretical context.

Baldessari used photo prints and text to highlight complex relations that were taking place in the 1960’s America cultural scape. The conceptual practice for this artwork is further explored in Object Photography A retrospective informs a progression of though from the early 1990’s.

Contents on side B of POP ART.

A base tonal background with painterly strokes covered with a thick layering of resin which is subsequently painted over and then partly scratched off. The area was then built up with a wax boundary and more resin poured within the basin. Process-intentional-expressionism forms the basis for this side with an emphasis on the obsessive painterly approach. This side in a sense is an antithesis POP ART. Its measure of value is through modes of obsessive production. The notion has no existential popular connotation given a non utilitarian function acts unlike the pop corn container that holds value.

KIT-UP (2021)

Kit UP. Side A, Full view. Kit UP. Side A. Close upKit UP. Side A. Head magnification through resin block. Kit UP. Side A. Perspective 1Kit UP. Side A, Perspective 2Kit UP. Side A, Perspective of emergent face. Kit UP. Side. Side viewKit UP. steel ring attached to rod. t Up, Side B. Full view, under archway. Kit Up, Side B. full view in the forestKit Up, Side B. Magnification through resin block of feeding camel. Kit Up, Side B. Perspective 1Kit Up, Side B .Perspective 2Kit Up, Side B Perspective  3

KIT-UP is a multi compositional syncretic media artwork.

KIT UP has a sculptural sense with four compositional perspectives. The depth aspect of this piece is primarily text-based. However, there are swirls of resin on both sides. There is a photographic paper print and, on the flip side, a fabric print on the larger sides.

KIT (essential items) UP ( for travel)

Side (height and width) A depicts the desert traveler. The essential items for a camel are food and lots of water. Surrounding the depiction are layers of paint, silk, wax, and clay. This on a metaphysical interpretation relates to being within the platitudes of everyday activities such as eating and sleeping.

Side (height and width) B has multiple layers of paint that is separated by resin where at the lower most layer emerges a fabric print of a street mural. The depiction is that of an inverted man doing a salute that resembles a protest to the rat race. However there is a metaphysical component depicting the sacred through transcendence of objective awareness.

Kit up: a tropical style

The basic sense of this artwork is tropical. The dry tropics is denoted through the camel (image taken in Rajasthan, India). The human figure is barely clothed and has a sense of being in the tropical heat, given the image was taken in the back streets of Bali, Indonesia. These object photographs form a symbiotic relation to the surrounding media as artefact.

A traveller theme

The camel is the icon of nomadic desert travel, carrying the essential kit for the arduous journey across arid lands. The swills of yellows denote the fragments of desert as a psychological factor for a traveller across such terain. The human figure is in an acrobatic inverted pose whilst doing a salute. The essential kit for a street artist social activist would be the stensil that allows quick desemination of image to surface.

Nature contrasting culture

There is a tradition in contemporary photography of contrasting nature and culture. The early 20th century photographer Lucien Clergue explored themes such as carrion eaters of the animal world, and acrobatics of the human world.

What’s the connection?

So as a painterly sculptural construction the material substance is linked to a culture of the industrial complex ( given the industrial components like steel and fibre glass) and to that end simulates an acrobatic style as media such as dried clay cling to steel but is covered by resin. However the naturalist gaze might be glimpsed from the surface features as referents to raw emotion and wonder lust. A further reference to travel and wonder lust can be surveyed about on a retrospective of the artworks from the 1990’s.


Himalayan art series: 1

Inspiration for Alpine High

Travel to even the lower sections of the Himalayan region is a minor revelation in itself. The vistas, people, and housing reveal a perspective of an almost otherworldly sense of place. Himalayan art encourages atmospheric hues of the alpine region that depict this region from a compositional aspect. The primary challenge is to create a sense of the rugged terrain. A methodology of building up and scouring the surface. The layering of paint. Multiple applications of resin on photo images begin to reveal the Alpine perspective. A retrospective of art and travel from the 1990’s gives a backdrop to the Himalayan series.

Himalayan art. Side A:

The thickset frame forms the basis for supporting a supervening pattern along the edge of the rectangular frame. A resin block covers painterly lino cut situated central of the sculptural painterly. The lino cut out depicts the Himalayan region, which vaguely emerges, as if from a deep misty blizzard swirling about the glacial peaks. On the right side is a resemblance of a meditator facing the mountain. The village at the bottom left traversed with a bike.

Himalayan art: Side B

Silk forms the backdrop for an animated depiction of a climber. There is a correlation between siding A as the figure appears to straddle possibly a glacial craves. The notion being to test out all human instincts for survival. If side A is the locale’s sense, side B is the sense of human and nature as in the romantic tradition post neoclassicism.

Construction of Alpine High

Use of resin for Himalayan art.

There are two functions for the resin. The first is to give a protective light coat applied to certain paints and materials. However, I usually paint over the resin again and then scratch, scour into the surface. The following function of resin is to create a pronounced magnification effect. Resin poured into an enclosed area, so a magnification of area. Within a color field of the entire work, this technique of thick resin build-up has a calming aesthetic for the whole piece by giving a place for the eye to meditate amongst the business of color.

Expressionistic art intentionality.

Estimated reading time: 5 minutes

Tropical expressionism discusses two modes of art practice. The pursuit for utility within modernization. The quest of humanistic mark-making and experimentation. However, modernization from the mid 20th century gave rise to a form of repetition. Humanistic arts reaction has been of adaptation and forms of resistance.  

Philosophic issues

Intentional states and tropical material arts

 Tropical expressionism is Intentional in a sense. The expression through material arts is rational by token of the economic measure through diminishing marginal returns: experience being qualitative, diminishing over time. 

Sub optimal tropical expressionism

The quality arguably diminishes as a person re-experiences the same or similar situation/s—this forces experience to move-on. The alternative is to become obsessive over an artifact. Counter-intuitively, the solution might increase the chances of excelling in a field for prices and status.

Intentional drift

Art objects of national significants invariably caught up in the form of church/state projects. For example, the sculpting of an iconic marble statue is, in a sense, a church/state collaborative project. However, this is not necessarily the case in modernism as of Alvin Coburn (encyclopedia of contemporary photography) (1982-1966), who gave up a highly prestigious career in early portraits and landscapes for pursuits of inquiries into what was spiritualism. 

Enclaves of determinism and freedom

There is an interdependency between the material practice of an expression and the environment, be that objective or virtual. The process leads to intentional states that can be represented through forms of material arts and digital or both. The act of representing something new can be a form of freedom. So the instant of being determined by material content, there is a contingency that plays to artistic freedoms of expression.

A schema

Determinists tend to advocate the social contract. For art, this begins with the supplier of art materials needed to create a form of art. This dependency entails skill is contingent on the modern system. It is this ultra-complex relationship that holds the social contract. So by extension, the more extensive process necessitates participation with the public gallery and art show system. Identity politics is the norm. Arguably, this interaction gives diminishing marginal returns as for the role of mark-making as a humanistic artifact.

Intentional expressions as tropical expressionism.

Material stuff: print, paint, clay, wood, stone, resin, fibre glass, steel, fabric, paper.


Print as in from classical to modern offers the ability to create a semantic map within a tiny field of the construction in the context of a mixed media composition.


Paint having a primordial backdrop within a humanistic expression is more suited to express complex human emotions.


Clay lends itself well to the construction of animated forms. An illusion of resemblances forms recognizable shapes. Clay as a medium animates the adjoining content, translating into a strong composition.


The properties of wood and fibre lend itself to give shape and texture. A process of wood turning enables shapes to be easily formed for a mixed media artwork.

photographic depictions as tropical expressionism in theory.

Street scenes

There is an ideal rationale in the history of street photography. The street as a social subject comes close to ethnography associated with Malinowski and a well-known early proponent of participant observation. The American photographer Bruce Davidson (Encyclopedia of contemporary photography) used this methodology with the photographed people he conversed with for over a year or more. Approaches such as that of Davidson become a photojournalism approach when social issues become the focus. Also of note is the photography of subcultures indicative in the Larry Clarks approach. A situational perspective is an approach that places the person within a setting that, with luck, brings the third element that Henri Cartier-Bresson pioneered. It’s a sense of place and how the humanistic part sits within a phenomenology of time. 

What is noticeable in these examples is grappling with identity politics concerning the image style’s intentions. The article object photography takes the concept of identity politics and places it within a broader visual arts expressionistic paradigm. 


Abstraction takes on various turns based on the kind of thematic elements. For example, the historical model of photographer Lucien Clergue worked on different themes, including the carrion. The abstraction relating to the dualism of life/death. Another source of conceptions is a more modernistic theme with subgenera dubbed Urban Raw. Urban photography has a graphic element associated with the black and white contrast images associated with Max Dupain. 

Photographic symbolism and syncretic representations.

 The field is multi-disciplinary as it includes social theorists, philosophers, linguists. So conceptualist investigating philosophy of language.  Dlubak Zbigniew photography was a method depicting objects with polysemantic content, like hand gestures. Artists such as Natalia LL take a whole-body syncretic representation through photography.

Landscape and the super wide angle for urban scape.

Landscape photography is associated with Robert Bourdeau, who gives stylistic content through the perspective of a scape. Ansel Adams‘ approach as a cathedral effect developed a technique that draws on environmental philosophy. The wide-angle for expression allows for a context within a composition. It’s a foundational cornerstone content supporting details that emerge through the ongoing refining process on any given project. 

Tropical art practices.

Estimated reading time: 5 minutes

Is there such activity as ‘TROPICAL ART PRACTICES”? This article makes a case that if there is a unique feature to the art practice that makes it distinct, it might reside in what loosely might be the ‘lifestyle tropical.’ However, it’s a vague claim, but with analysis, a couple of conclusions are argued. Its how the artist might interact their practice with the wet and dry climatic conditions. It might be something to do with a conscious qualitative sense of place. 

Accumulations: dry tropical and wet tropical

Methodology for tropical accumulations

Tropical art practices include:

  • duration art is exposed to the particular locale.
  • exposure to fungi, ants, bugs, bird scat, rain, sun, spider webs.
  • inorganic as in common earth elements.
  • Cracking of paint.
  • warping of the frame
  • Expansion of paint and contraction

Between the wet and dry tropics.

This involves an authentic interaction through relocation. So the properties of a region takes on the properties of another region.

How this plays out on object art.

A non-human intentional state might be a green ant removing bits of the artwork for their purpose. The spider in need of a support. This might be a syncretic emergent form. Its a from of binary intentional agency. The human as a conceptual schema agent, the non human as a meta conceptual agent.

Site, processes and philosophy

Natural exposure for tropical art practices.

The site is the Cassowary coast, Hull river national park region. Artworks are left exposed to the natural elements as an outdoor art practice. It could be a day or for a number of month. A partial cover is placed through the tropical monsoon season. The short film gaze on nature gives an indication of this process.

Philosophical issues

The art of the rational intuition is an attempt to capture both the structural as well as anarchic elements of human intentional agency. The intentional upon the material artwork has a rational sense. This is so of the arts in general. However substance based form requires a methodological modernist consumeristic approach. The use of paraphanalia blends the rational ability to select based on normative considerations. Intuition uses a sense of purpose and reference of interpretation. Its a vague intentional act. The futile attempt to give voice to a obscure ostensible referent being the artwork.

Mixed media tropical art practices

Substance verses property based media.

Mixed media substance dualism is derived from philosophical mind/body dualism. This is a proxy for placing radically distinct substance together. Another sense of the association is that consciousness inhabits the media, or fragments of the artists intentional states. Though for the philosophical materialist the substance based mixed media might composed of combinations of media that defy normative notions of art.

Art practices with normative properties

A simple normative property based mixed media would be the traditional canvas with oil paint that is not normally considered mixed media. Another might be a photographic print on distinct paper types.

Tropical art practices with substance logics

A substance based approach to mixed media could be embedding a fine art print into fibreglass. Then by covering it with a resin the object photo is a unified interactive substance. This concept is akin to mind/body dualism of the Cartesian variety. However the mind body problem posses the logical fallacy. This is because non physical substance cannot logically interact with physical substances. The implication for mixed media methodology is that the substances may not interact and so fall apart. This cutting edge level of experiment is therefore contingent on supervening factors.

Syncretic gnostic emergent art.

Tropical art practices and syncretism

The essential shift in consciousness is one I noticed in the `1970’s at Mission beach while on a fruit orchard property. Jack Hare and his wife lived on the property at Bingal Bay. He lived what I now consider the idyllic tropical lifestyle. That is, his English ways had transformed in ways of syncretic naturalism. His skin was tawny and brown. Even in summer, he would swim in the ocean each day despite the danger of marine stingers. It was as if the tropics were reflected in the lived experience through form and action.

A Tropical Sublime Gnostic

Firstly there is some notion of a Tropical living experience. It is about tangible interconnecting lifestyles. People exist in distinct geopolitical tropical zones. This sense of an interpersonal phenomenology of being in a tropical zone becomes sublime since it transcends normative accounts of beauty. At the core, it is a sublime that straddles the tropical humidity and heat that transcend the modernist determinants of culture. This gnostic sense of what it is like to be a form of life possibly gives to a tropical art practice style. Its authenticity over the representational modes or learned methodology.

Emergent conceptualism, intuitional logics.

Probably best to begin with what is meant by intuitional logic. Formal logics deal with deductive and inductive logic. So of the superficial form: All men are mortal. Socrates is a man. Therefore Socrates is mortal. Intuitional logic would not disagree with this logic. However, the conclusion, according to intuition, may come to be Socrates is immortal. The premises true but with an absurd conclusion. However, absurdity may indicate a genuine philosophical problem.

Expressionistic tropical experimentation

This may be a non-rational logic and so non-scientific or mathematical in structure. Nevertheless, it is a sense of primordialism based on deep humanism. The absurd that forms the basis for the emergent conceptualism of going tropical is the sense of impulsive rationalism. The concept ’emergent’ fails to gain traction in the world of functionalism—however, it is the basis for forms of expressionistic experimentation that lead to vistas of possibilities.


Arid climb

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Estimated reading time: 2 minutes

General overview of artwork.

A robust weighty two sided artwork. Arid Climb Side A: Multiple layers of paint, putty, fabric and resin on a steel framed fibre glass plate. The human outline abstract form has as its torso a resin covered print. This is a photograph depicting a palm trunk. There is a vague outline of a rope that attaches to a climber which happens to be the producer of this work. Hence the Text on the left side: CLIMB.

Arid Climb Side B: The outline of vintage farm machine (photographic fabric print) is covered with various painterly pigments. It varies from oils and acyrilics, fabric paints and ink. The resin covered images are that of termit mound and the edge of a small town in arid zone of Queensland (Almaden).

About observing place

Arid climb is in part to do with palm climbing, and the nature of the dry tropical zone. Its part of a series about the arid region of Queensland. Another artwork explores mining relics. The embedded features are three photographic prints. Themes being to do with movement by way of vegetative, human and insectoid. Travel by bike along Australian East coast influenced the artworks on arid landscapes.

About two side artworks

Modes of representation

There is a rationale to producing content of similar quality on both sides a plate. Firstly its about taking advantage of the material properties of the medium which is a fibre glass core. Secondly its about semantic content. The references which are hidden from view. Thirdly there is a painterly sculptural element to the construction. I find that fusing these elements together fits well for syncretic gnostic artforms.

Side A. Arid climb. Under arch Side A. Arid Open wetland forest.  Cassowary coastSide A. Arid climb. pen wetland forest.  Cassowary coastSide A. Arid climb. Under arch Side A. Arid climb. Under arch Side view. Arid climbSide B. Arid climb. Open wetland forest.  Cassowary coastSide B. Arid climb. Open wetland forest.  Cassowary coastSide B. Arid climb. Open wetland forest.  Cassowary coastSide B. Arid climb. Open wetland forest.  Cassowary coast

Dream power

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Side A.  Full view. Side A.  questioning power. Side A. Bottom rightSide A.  close up

Estimated reading time: 2 minutes

The power to dream

Telecommunications infrastructure suggests imagination. Side A has at its top-left a communications tower. A form moves in the direction of the building, possibly on a quest. Is it to find answers to existential questions? Who knows? There is the power of human communication. There is power through advanced digital infrastructure—dream on in mixed media. A retrospective from the early 1990’s informs the progression in mixed media as a conceptual basis for an art practice.

Dreams and power

If the conclusion is to dream-on, it begs the question. What is a dream anyway? It may well be the walking state. It is the depiction on the bottom right of side A that completes the arc. The doll figure on the side of a dirt road (embedded photo print) along a hardly used road suggests the dream-like quality. There is also a reference to imagined community. This is fairly relevant given the rise of a new rules based society

Photographic elemental forms

Dream power as a photographic elemental. Taking a leaf out of a Gerry Badger’s notes as a photographer.

The photographer creates or describes a dance with space and time.

Contemporary photographers: editors, George Walsh, Colin Naylor, Micheal Held

This quote’s relevance, based on travel, suggests to capture the shots, there is human movement as an outdoor art form. So they travel up a mountain and to remote locations. Badger notes a physical connection to the subject. It seems ordinary in 2021, but Badger made this note in the early last century.

Animation Dream power


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Estimated reading time: 2 minutes

Stamp state dry tropical

A steel framed with fibre glass core suitable for being hung outdoors. There are depictions on both sides so open spaces such as archways give optimal perspectives. The name STATE STAMP references the mining Battery Stamp as well as its historical connotation to the dry tropical mining in the region. A retrospective of early artworks from the 1990’s informs interests in the dry tropics deep history.

Compositional features.

Printed fabric of photographs (as object photos) of the battery stamp are printed on fabric then sewn onto the fibre glass core. An image of the battery stamp cut out of lino then covered in layered resin forms a resemblance of the relic. Wire hoops are embedded into the fibre glass. Steel rods are threaded through all four sides to create a fixed armature. After the rods are in place soft tissue fibre glass is embedded between the rods and print which is then hardened with resin and layered with paints and clear casting resin.

Thematic correlations.

Relation to the dry tropics, North Queensland.

The notion of dry tropical art is implicit within the works. The colours resemble the grasses of the dryer region. A tiny photograph print is embedded near the figure to resemble a hidden element to mining enterprise. The Battery Stamp forms part of a series that explores the relation of the ‘will to power’. Philosophically, State Stamp forms a personal endurance, relating to globalization and its discontents.

State Stamp as a art historical reference.

The story of the battery stamp being carted over the ranges begins as part of my traveling muse artworks series. The settler culture from Europe and Asia came to make their fortune at sites like the Palmer River, however it was John Moffatt brought in heavy equipment such as the Battery Stamp. This has a reference to dry tropical mining in that the set and setting is established in a ecosystem.

This became the mining empire near Irvinebank that was latter bought by the Queensland Government after Moffits retirement.

Angor to Zillmanton: stories of North Queensland’s deserted towns by Colin Hooper
  • Side A, hanging perspective.
    Diptych, hanging perspective.


Estimated reading time: 5 minutes

Selection of object photography for a mixed media project.

The philosophic side for object photography

Object photography as a token.

There is an overview in OUTDOOR ART for a philosophical primer, which discusses general philosophy concerning art. It’s from an existential sense that the object photograph acts as a token to type relationship. The image token has ostensible properties. That is, the image links to a type of point of view. Object photography is that portion of some larger picture that is rationally selected by the person/photographer. 

Object photography self reference paradox.

The philosophical point is the photographer is part of the picture, although not visible. Significantly, it’s the content that exists as a binary of self and not-self—a classic self-reference paradox. The action of capturing a scene indicates the photographer becoming a possibility. What the photographer is not can never be apart from a particular point of view.

Fellow man! Your whole life, like a sandglass, will always be reversed and will ever run out again

Friedrich Nietzsche

The photo is like a time slice of the whole field; returning to the image, it’s like turning the sandglass. The event runs out again but in a diminished or dramatic form depending on the image and viewer.

The photographic styles for mixed media.

1.Straight style in mixed media.

  • keep the subject as primary focus, avoid cluttered surrounds.
  • clean execution for detail.
  • Natural elements, like a building, frame subject for additional focus.
  • F16-22 for in focus depth of field.

An adequate shutter speed and depth of field for sharpness and clean edges for the frame and subject having a counterbalance are depictions of the classic or straight style.

Subject of image being the shades on the water makes the image a straight styleSubject positioned from top section and its imposing content.The straight style is the sole figure clearly stands out from the dark into the sunset gives its strength as a subject.. Clearly the strong subject is this illuminated urban colonial Flight of birds if clearly captured is an excellent example of the straight style. The solitary subject surrounded by space on a line.Three elements are clearly separated to mark a straight style. Action shot of bird stands out.Subject is clearly defined. The old and new urban architecture with negative space in a flat perspective for a straight style. The small cluster of rock and sea expanse to the island has al sense of proportionality.

All above images are the photography of IZ. Giardina

Add complexity through layers.

The binary builds meaningful relations for maximizing semantic contrasts. This layered binary style fits well with representing relationships. The first is a natural color binary of shade and light, the next being industry and nature serving industry demarked by rail lines. The contrast of a super wide-angle shot of a sunset with a tiny fuel tank jutting from the darkness as the simplicity of a structural intrusive—the relations urban grand buildings as a binary with the street light at night. Birds hold a binary with their surroundings through the flight and by perching as observers of nature and humanism. The slideshow above indicates the straight style composition as minimalist.

2. Layers in photography for mixed media

It is through layers within photography that can drive a complex narrative. This style works well within mixed media artwork. The photography for mixed media enables the use of this style of photography. 

  • Focus through glass for reflection of a person walking past correlated with the non reflective image behind the glass.
  • Focus through a grid or lines of wire.
  • A puddle after the rain acts as a reflective layer.
  • Objects such as cars in traffic as block objects layer abstraction.
  • Binary layering for mixed media
    Binary layering for mixed media

Object photography within the mixed media.

One method is to prepare a tonal background. When dry, then add more complexity, so the printed image stands out. Another methodology would be to place the print and build up from that thematic referential point. Where both methods converge is the intentional use of variable media.

3. Dramatic object photography for mixed media

The object in the photo should in this sense create some kind of tension that resonates with the mixed media. Whereas the other style main focus is on the aesthetics of elements. A subtle shift may be due to subject having a social dimension that through composition gives a dynamic message.

Dramatic geometric optics.

The nifty 50mm focal length is the choice documentary lens and ideal for the straight and layering street shooting styles. Photography with this focal length means little optical distortion if the picture is at least f11. It’s great to shoot with a prime lens, for it means any geometric effects are true to that focal length. The super wide-angle stretch space while the super-telephoto compresses or flattens space. Using objects with the optics to match can give radical interpretations of the thing photographed.

  • Mixed media photography with a dramatic edge as a stand off.
    Mixed media photography with a dramatic edge as a stand off.

Object photography placement in mixed media.

Methods to enhance photography

The use of resin in mixed media for optical effects.

There are two approaches to enhance a photography print. Firstly, build up gradually layer by layer a mound of resin. Then place the image on the top covered with a thin layer. Objects can be placed within the resin so further developing a sense of 3D perspective. Secondly, there is the method of laying the print down and building layers of resin over the image. The process creates an optical magnification of the print. This style works well to create a focal point of the entire mixed media composition.

The selection of black and white photography over colour.

The first choice is to use black and white prints. This choice is because the color may fade or change. Black and white images are graphic representations and so stand out within a complicated composition. However, color can be the right choice so long as the inks are of high quality.

Embedding the image so to build up a block of resin.

This technique isolates the image print. There are various methods used for this process as follows.

  • Lino block that is cut out so to embed the image.
  • Use air dry clay to build up around the image.
  • Putty can be used though needs to hardened by adding resin.
  • Rolled cloth or paper adhered to surface.
  • embed objects within resin as an added feature.

The series of images below printed with variable levels of resin poured over the print. The properties allow for a plethora of symbolic possibilities that can inform the painting as a whole or in part.

  • Resin layers built up in multiple stages to magnify camel legs that are situated under a lino cut.
    Resin layers built up in multiple stages to magnify camel legs that are situated under a lino cut.

Painterly effects that blend with surrounding media.

This method, if used with care, can bring incredible detail to the photo print. However, it works well with abstracts with distinctive spaces. Oils are preferable, given there is no absorption into the paper.